معرف کمی اسم ( Quantifiers) + اسامی قابل شمارش و غیر قابل شمارش در زبان انگلیسی
Quantifiers + اسامی قابل شمارش و غیر قابل شمارش :بعضی معرف های کمی اسمی میتوانند هم با اسامی قابل شمارش و هم غیر قابل شمارش بیایند.
مثل: all, any, enough, most, no, some.
Countable: All volunteers will undergo some first-aid training.
Uncountable: He has been trying all morning to call the government office.
Countable: There wasn’t any policeman around when the fighting broke out.
Uncountable: She left her husband without any warning..
Countable: There were not enough cups at the party, so I drank from the bottle. .
Uncountable: I just had enough money to buy her an ice cream. .
Countable: She received the most Christmas cards in the family.
Uncountable: She spent the most time chatting with friends. .
Countable: Hurriedly, he sent the letter with no stamp on the envelope..
Uncountable: The job is not for me as I have no experience in managing a turkey farm..
Countable: There were some noisy passengers in the bus.
Uncountable: She gave me some advice about looking after my grandmother.
A lot of , lots of
هردو a lot of , lots of میتوانند قبل از اسمی غیر قابل شمارش و قابل شمارش قراربگیرند. و هردو به معنی a large quantity of هستند.
He has a lot of hair on his chest.
He has lots of hair on his chest.
A lot of/Lots of sand has got into my shoes. (Uncountable noun)
There was a lot of/lots of rubbish everywhere. (Uncountable noun)
I can eat a lot of/lots of grapes when I want to. (Countable noun)
There were a lot of/lots of people doing nothing on the beach. (Countable noun).
وقتی این دو را با فاعل جمع بکار ببریم فعل جمع و وقتی با فاعل مفرد بیاید ، فعل مفرد میگذاریم.
A lot of/Lots of replies were received in response to her advertisement.
A lot of/Lots of false information was given by him to the tax authorities.
معرف های کمی اسم ( Quantifiers ) + of
معرف های زیر با اسامی قابل و غیر قابل شمارش خاصی می آیند.
Countable: All of the complaints were against the Manager.
Uncountable: All of the household waste was dumped in a small bin, causing overflow.
Countable: We have enough of your meat pies.
Uncountable: I have had enough of your nonsense.
Countable: Most of the teaching staff were female. .
Uncountable: They are looking for the one who leaked most of the confidential information to the press.
Countable: We bought plenty of beans to last the weekends.
Uncountable: We had plenty of time to prepare before we set off.
Countable: Some of the ghost stories in the book are believed to be true.
Uncountable: You honestly think this bakery makes some of the best bread in the city?
Another یک determiner است به معنی یک نفر دیگر ، بیشتر.، یا یک چیزدیگر ، بیشتر (یکی دیگه). و قبل از اسم قابل شمارش مفرد می آید.
The tribal chief has five wives already, and now he wants another one.
We need another pair of hands to help carry this heavy thing.
other یعنی اضافی یا دیگر.
Other is used with singular uncountable nouns or plural nouns.
They have found other evidence that would prove him guilty.
There must be other ways of eliminating rats besides poisoning them.
When other is followed by a singular countable noun, a determiner is used before it.
وقتی other با اسم مفرد قابل شمارش همراه شود، یک determiner قبل ازان میگذاریم.
I’m looking for my other shoe.
The police also detained the other person who was sleeping with him.
شکل جمع other ( others ) determiner بحساب نمی آید.
No: Half of this book is about World War Two, and the others half is about World War Three.
Yes: Half of this book is about World War Two, and the other half is about World War Three.