1. خانه
  2. آموزش گرامر زبان انگلیسی
  3. افعال در زبان انگلیسی
  4. فعل های عبارتی قابل جداسازی و غیر قابل جداسازی در زبان انگلیسی

فعل های عبارتی قابل جداسازی و غیر قابل جداسازی در زبان انگلیسی

فعل های عبارتی قابل جداسازی و غیر قابل جداسازی در زبان انگلیسی

بعضی فعل های عبارتی هم قابل جداسازی و هم غیر قابل جداسازی هستند.

قابل جداسازی: فعل هایی که ضمیر یا مفعول بین فعل و participle  ان قرار میگیرد و فعل عبارتی میسازد.

غیر قابل جداسازی : فعل هایی که participle  نمیتواند از فعل جداشود.، یعنی ضمیر یا مفعول نمیتواند بین فعل و  participle  آن قرار بگیرد.، و فقط بعد از  participle  می آید. 

مثال:

مثال قابل جداسازی:

The rescuers called the search off because of the worsening weather.
(The noun search is between verb called and the particle offCall off = stop doing something)

قابل جداسازی: Dad turned the television on
(Turn on = switch on something so that it starts working.)

مثال غیر قابل جداسازی :

Someone tried to break into the warehouse during the night..
(The two words of the phrasal verb cannot be separated. Noun object warehouse comes after the particle into.)

غیر قابل جداسازی: She looks after her aging mother.
(Look after = take care of)

فعل های عبارتی لازم جدا شونده

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فعل های عبارتی قابل جداسازی و غیر قابل جداسازی

فعل های عبارتی قابل جداسازی ، فعل لازم هستند: یعنی احتیاج به مفعولی دارند که میتواند یک ضمیر یا اسم باشد که بین فعل و participle  آن قرار میگیرد.

The wind blew the papers off the table.
( مفعول- papers- بین فعل و participle  – off – قرار گرفته است.

Blow off=باعث جابجایی با باد شدن)

You can drop me off at the railway station. 
 Drop off = take or leave someone at a particular place

me: ضمیر مفعولی

He deserved praise for managing to bring that off.
(Bring off = succeed in doing something difficult)

We must give this wallet back to its rightful owner.
(Give back: return something to someone)

حتما بخون  فعل Ought to/used to در زبان انگلیسی

She handed the leaflets out to whoever would accept them.
(Hand out = give something to one person or many people)

His part-time office job is to put the files away
(Put away = return something to the place where it is usually stored)

picked the boys up at the library.
(Pick up = get or bring back someone from some place)

We have been putting some money aside every month for a new car.
(Put aside = save [money] or keep [something] for the future)

He took days to throw those rotten apples away.  
(Throw away = get rid of something that is not wanted)

She wrote my phone number down on a piece of paper.
(Write down = jot a quick short note of something)

فعل های عبارتی متعدی غیر قابل جداسازی

فعل و participle  این فعل های متعدی ، همیشه در کنار هم قرار دارند و  participle  بلافاصله بعد از فعل و سپس مفعول می آید.

They called off the match due to bad weather. 

(مفعول match بعد از participle  – off امده است.

 Call off = stop a planned event or activity from taking place)

They called on her for some legal advice.

 Not: They called her on for some legal advice.

Call on  جدا نمیشود.

 Call on = pay a brief visit)

We came across some old photos of granny in her school days. 

(Come across = find something by chance)

He will look after my dog while I am away. 

(Look after = take care of) 

They looked through the drawer but couldn’t find it.

(Look through = examine briefly and carefully in order to discover something)

He pointed out the accused to the police. 

(Point out = direct attention to someone [or something] by pointing)

حتما بخون  صرف فعل در زبان انگلیسی یعنی چه ؟ (conjugation of verb)

ran across the grandmother of my ex-girlfriend.  

(Run across = meet [someone] unexpectedly) 

Jack ran into Jill while he was on his way home.

(Run into = meet by chance)

She tried on a few pairs of shoes but they didn’t fit her large feet. 

(Try on = put on something to see if it fits and how it looks)

He had to turn down the job that was offered to him. 

(Look after = take care of) 

فعل های عبارتی متعدی غیر قابل جداسازی

کلماتی که فعل های عبارتی غیر قابل جداسازی را میسازند، از هم جدا نمیشوند و مفعولی هم بهمراه ندارند.

        When she saw what happened, she broke down.

Break down = lose control of one’s emotions)هیچ اسم یا ضمیر مفعولی بعد از فعل نیست.)

We decided that we should get together more regularly. 
(Get together = meet and spend time with one another)

They shouted to him to hurry up
(Hurry up = act or move quickly)

He asked them to join in the singing.
(Join in = participate or become involved in an activity)

We enjoyed looking around an organic farm.
(Look around = go through or explore a place)

He was given a week to move out after he fought with other tenants. 
(Move out = leave a place [house, etc] where one has been living)

I had to pull over when I had a puncture.
(Pull over = move and stop a vehicle to the side of a road)

We waited but he didn’t show up.
(Show up = appear somewhere by appointment or unexpectedly)

After what happened, he promised to speak up
(Speak up = say openly about something)

We stayed up late to watch the match on television.
(Stay up = continue to be awake)

حتما بخون  فعل کیفیتی در زبان انگلیسی Must

5) فعل های عبارتی سه کلمه ای

فعل های عبارتی می توانند شامل سه کلمه باشند که از یک فعل + participle  +حرف اضافه تشکیل میشوند و غیرقابل جداسازی هستند چون کلمه سوم که معمولا حرف اضافه است ، احتیاج به مفعول اسمی یا ضمیر مفعولی دارد.

The members came out with a set of proposals on reform of the club.
(Come out with = say or express something)

The police are following up on leads pointing to the whereabouts of the kidnapped victim.
(Follow up on = discover more or take further action connected with something.)

He’s wondering aloud how he could get out of meeting his mother-in-law this weekend.
(Get out of = avoid doing something)

He spends the weekends hanging out with a bunch of kids at the shopping centre. 
(Hang out with = spend a lot of time with someone)

He often listened in on her phone conversations without her knowledge.
(Listen in on = listen secretly to a private conversation)

We always looked up to him for his courage.
(Look up to = respect or admire [someone])

I’m saving more this month to make up for a withdrawal last month. 
(Make up for = compensate; or have something to correct or take the place of something else)

She shopped the whole day at the sales and never seemed to run out of money.
(Run out of = use up something so that none is left)

We have to stand up for ourselves.
(Stand up for = defend or support [someone or something] against attack or criticism)

Someone walked off with my bag of groceries when I wasn’t looking.
(Walk off with = steal or take something without asking for permission)

مقاله قبلی
فعل های عبارتی در زبان انگلیسی (Phrasal verbs)
مقاله بعدی
فعل در زبان انگلیسی چیست؟ what is a verb
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